Syringomyelia: General

Long-term results and complications of the syringopleural shunting for treatment of syringomyelia: a clinical study.
Isik N, Elmaci I, Isik N, Cerci SA, Basaran R, Gura M, Kalelioglu M.
Br J Neurosurg. 2013 Feb;27(1):91-9.

Dorsal Thoracic Arachnoid Web and the "Scalpel Sign": A Distinct Clinical-Radiologic Entity.
Reardon MA, Raghavan P, Carpenter-Bailey K, Mukherjee S, Smith JS, Matsumoto JA, Yen CP, Shaffrey ME, Lee RR, Shaffrey CI, Wintermark M.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2013 Jan 24.

Pathophysiology of primary spinal syringomyelia.
Heiss JD, Snyder K, Peterson MM, Patronas NJ, Butman JA, Smith RK, Devroom HL, Sansur CA, Eskioglu E, Kammerer WA, Oldfield EH.
J Neurosurg Spine. 2012 Nov;17(5):367-80.

Resolution of isolated syringomyelia after treatment of cervical disc herniation: association or coincidence?
Yaman ME, Eylen A, Ayberk G.
Bratisl Lek Listy. 2012;113(8):500-2.

Treatment of posttraumatic syringomyelia.
Klekamp J.
J Neurosurg Spine. 2012 Sep;17(3):199-211.

Syringomyelia, limb hypertrophy and sympathetic overactivity: a rare association.
Khanra D, Ray S, Sonthalia N, Talukdar A.
BMJ Case Rep. 2012 Jun 14;2012.

Spinal syringomyelia following subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Nakanishi K, Uchiyama T, Nakano N, Fukawa N, Yamada K, Yabuuchi T, Kato A.
J Clin Neurosci. 2012 Apr;19(4):594-7.

Ball JR, Little NS.
Chiari malformation, cervical disc prolapse and syringomyelia - always think twice.
J Clin Neurosci. 2008 Feb 5.

  • First case report of resolution of syringomyelia following decompression of a herniated cervical disc without treatment of the Chiari malformation.

Bertram CD, Bilston LE, Stoodley MA.
Tensile radial stress in the spinal cord related to arachnoiditis or tethering: a numerical model.
Med Biol Eng Comput. 2008 Mar 18.

Wetjen NM, Heiss JD, Oldfield EH.
Time course of syringomyelia resolution following decompression of Chiari malformation Type I.
J Neurosurg Pediatrics. 2008 Feb;1(2):118-23.

Rusbridge C, Jeffery ND.
Pathophysiology and treatment of neuropathic pain associated with syringomyelia.
Vet J. 2008 Feb;175(2):164-72. 

  • Study performed in dogs with syringomyelia.

Qiu Y, Zhu Z, Wang B, Yu Y, Qian B, Zhu F.
Radiological presentations in relation to curve severity in scoliosis associated with syringomyelia.
J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Jan-Feb;28(1):128-33.

  • When should an MRI to looking for syringomyelia be performed on a child or adolescent with scoliosis? Qui et al. measured the scoliosis curves in 87 children and adolescents with syringomyelia and scoliosis. Over 40% were noted to have an atypical curve and 65% had a typical curve with atypical features. 
  • The study conclusion: "These results show that radiographic presentations including atypical curve patterns, atypical features in typical curve patterns, and a normal to hyperkyphotic thoracic spine may suggest the need for a preoperative magnetic resonance imaging."

Zhang ZQ, Chen YQ, Chen YA, Wu X, Wang YB, Li XG.
Chiari I malformation associated with syringomyelia: a retrospective study of 316 surgically treated patients.
Spinal Cord. 2007 Nov 20; [Epub ahead of print]

  • Large retrospective study from Qilu Hospital of Shandong University in China assessing  clinical outcome and extent of syrinx collapse following posterior fossa decompression. While the response in syrinx size varied, clinical improvement was noted in 94% of 218 patients available for follow-up.

Ruette P, Stuyck J, Debeer P.
Neuropathic arthropathy of the shoulder and elbow associated with syringomyelia: a report of 3 cases.
Acta Orthop Belg. 2007 Aug;73(4):525-9.

Koç K, Anik Y, Anik I, Cabuk B, Ceylan S.
Chiari 1 Malformation with Syringomyelia: Correlation of Phase-Contrast Cine MR Imaging and Outcome.
Turk Neurosurg. 2007;17(3):183-92.

  • Cine MRI in 18 surgical cases of CM-I and syringomyelia. Heterogenous spinal fluid flow seen pre-operatively improved or corrected to sinusoidal pattern following surgery.

Perrini P, Benedetto N, Tenenbaum R, Di Lorenzo N.
Extra-arachnoidal cranio-cervical decompression for syringomyelia associated with Chiari I malformation in adults: technique assessment.
Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2007 Aug 23; [Epub ahead of print]

Yeom JS, Lee CK, Park KW, Lee JH, Lee DH, Wang KC, Chang BS.
Scoliosis associated with syringomyelia: analysis of MRI and curve progression.
Eur Spine J. 2007 Aug 15; [Epub ahead of print] 

Porensky P, Muro K, Ganju A.
Nontraumatic cervicothoracic syrinx as a cause of progressive neurologic dysfunction.
J Spinal Cord Med. 2007;30(3):276-81. 

Lin JW, Lin MS, Lin CM, Tseng CH, Tsai SH, Kan IH, Chiu WT.
Idiopathic syringomyelia: case report and review of the literature.
Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2006;99:117-20. 

Butteriss DJ, Birchall D.
A case of syringomyelia associated with cervical spondylosis.
Br J Radiol. 2006 Oct;79(946):e123-5. 

Greitz D.
Unraveling the riddle of syringomyelia.
Neurosurg Rev. 2006 Oct;29(4):251-63; discussion 264. Epub 2006 May 31. Review. 

Holly LT, Batzdorf U.
Syringomyelia associated with intradural arachnoid cysts.
J Neurosurg Spine. 2006 Aug;5(2):111-6. 

Robenek M, Kloska SP, Husstedt IW.
Evidence of familial syringomyelia in discordant association with Chiari type I malformation.
Eur J Neurol. 2006 Jul;13(7):783-5. 

Muthukumar N, Venkatesh G, Thiruppathy S.
Arrested hydrocephalus and the presyrinx state. Case report.
J Neurosurg. 2005 Nov;103(5 Suppl):466-70. 

Royo-Salvador MB, Sole-Llenas J, Domenech JM, Gonzalez-Adrio R.
Results of the section of the filum terminale in 20 patients with syringomyelia, scoliosis and Chiari malformation.
Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2005 May;147(5):515-23; discussion 523

Doughty KE, Tubbs RS, Webb D, Oakes WJ.
Delayed resolution of Chiari I-associated hydromyelia after posterior fossa decompression: case report and review of the literature.
Neurosurgery. 2004 Sep;55(3):711. Review. 

Holly LT, Batzdorf U.
Slitlike syrinx cavities: a persistent central canal.
J Neurosurg. 2002 Sep;97(2 Suppl):161-5.

Alzate JC, Kothbauer KF, Jallo GI, Epstein FJ.
Treatment of Chiari I malformation in patients with and without syringomyelia: a consecutive series of 66 cases.
Neurosurg Focus. 2001 Jul 15;11(1):E3. 

Milhorat TH.
Classification of syringomyelia.
Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E1. 

Erkan K, Unal F, Kiris T, Karalar T.
Treatment of terminal syringomyelia in association with tethered cord syndrome: clinical outcomes with and without syrinx drainage.
Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E9. 

Fischbein NJ, Dillon WP, Cobbs C, Weinstein PR.
The "presyrinx" state: is there a reversible myelopathic condition that may precede syringomyelia?
Neurosurg Focus. 2000 Mar 15;8(3):E4. 

Heiss JD, Patronas N, DeVroom HL, Shawker T, Ennis R, Kammerer W, Eidsath A, Talbot T, Morris J, Eskioglu E, Oldfield EH.
Elucidating the pathophysiology of syringomyelia.
J Neurosurg. 1999 Oct;91(4):553-62.

Iskandar BJ, Hedlund GL, Grabb PA, Oakes WJ.
The resolution of syringohydromyelia without hindbrain herniation after posterior fossa decompression.
J Neurosurg. 1998 Aug;89(2):212-6. 

Sullivan LP, Stears JC, Ringel SP.
Resolution of syringomyelia and Chiari I malformation by ventriculoatrial shunting in a patient with pseudotumor cerebri and a lumboperitoneal shunt.
Neurosurgery. 1988 Apr;22(4):744-7.