Syringomyelia: Scoliosis


Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure in Case of Chiari 1.5 Malformation: Case Report and Review of the Literature.
Indian J Crit Care Med. 2017 Oct;21(10):707-709. doi: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_179_17.
Free PMC Article

Radiological presentations in relation to curve severity in scoliosis associated with syringomyelia.
J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Jan-Feb;28(1):128-33.

  • When should a child or adolescent with scoliosis have an MRI to look for syringomyelia? Qui et al. measured the scoliosis curves in 87 children and adolescents with syringomyelia and scoliosis. Over 40% were noted to have atypical curve patterns and 65% with typical curve patterns had atypical features. 
  • The authors conclusion: "These results show that radiographic presentations including atypical curve patterns, atypical features in typical curve patterns, and a normal to hyperkyphotic thoracic spine may suggest the need for a preoperative magnetic resonance imaging. 


Samdani AF, Asghar J, Pahys J, D'Andrea L, Betz RR.
Concurrent spinal cord untethering and scoliosis correction: case report.
Spine. 2007 Dec 15;32(26):E832-6. 

  • Case of a 15-year-old boy with severe kyphoscoliosis and descent of the spinal cord to L4. He did well following surgery for both the scoliosis and tethered cord.

Batzdorf U, Khoo LT, McArthur DL.
Observations on spine deformity and syringomyelia.
Neurosurgery. 2007 Aug;61(2):370-7; discussion 377-8. 

Hankinson TC, Klimo P Jr, Feldstein NA, Anderson RC, Brockmeyer D.
Chiari malformations, syringohydromyelia and scoliosis.
Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2007 Jul;18(3):549-68.

Sun X, Qiu Y, Zhu Z, Zhu F, Wang B, Yu Y, Qian B.
Variations of the position of the cerebellar tonsil in idiopathic scoliotic adolescents with a cobb angle >40 degrees: a magnetic resonance imaging study.
Spine. 2007 Jul 1;32(15):1680-6. 

Ono A, Suetsuna F, Ueyama K, Yokoyama T, Aburakawa S, Numasawa T, Wada K, Toh S.
Surgical outcomes in adult patients with syringomyelia associated with Chiari malformation type I: the relationship between scoliosis and neurological findings.
J Neurosurg Spine. 2007 Mar;6(3):216-21

Bhangoo R, Sgouros S.
Scoliosis in children with Chiari I-related syringomyelia.
Childs Nerv Syst. 2006 Sep;22(9):1154-7. Epub 2006 Mar 16. 

Kolban M, Darczuk J, Chmielnicki M.
Diagnosis of syringomyelia and Chiari malformations in patients with scoliosis.
Ortop Traumatol Rehabil. 2005 Feb 28;7(1):36-41.